Welcome to Kent Family Farms


Interpreting Genetics Lab Results for Colour

B Locus:

B/B = Black based dog that carries two black genes

B/b = Black based dog that carries one chocolate gene

b/b = Chocolate based dog that carries two chocolate genes


E Locus: 

E/E = Non apricot dog that doesn't carry an apricot gene

E/e = Non apricot dog that carries one apricot gene

e/e = Apricot based dog with two apricot genes


K Locus:

KB/KB = Dog carries two blockers

KB/n = Dog carries one blocker and one non blocker

n/n = Dog carries two non blockers


A Locus: 

Animal Genetics writes out and tests Ay, Aw, At and a separately which can be confusing to many people, but all you need to do is take any Ay, Aw, At or a's that are written out and put them together. The N's are irrelevant. 


Example using the report to the left:

n/n, At/At, n/n = At/At


Other examples:

Ay/n, n/n, n/n, a/n = Ay/a

Ay/n, At/n, n/n, n/n = Ay/At

n/n, At/n, Aw/n, n/n = Aw/At


Then read as follows: 

Ay/Ay = Dog carries two sable genes
Ay/Aw = Dog carries one sable gene and one wolf sable gene
Ay/At = Dog carries one sable gene and one phantom gene
Aw/Aw = Dogs carries two wolf sable genes
Aw/At = Dogs carries one wolf sable gene and one phantom gene
Aw/a = Dog carries one wolf sable and one recessive black gene
At/At = Dogs carries two phantom genes
At/a = Dog carries one phantom gene and one recessive black gene
a/a = Dogs carries two recessive black genes


D Locus:

D/D = Dog carries two copies of  non dilute gene. 

D/d = Dog carries one non-dilute gene and one dilute gene

d/d = Dog carries two dilute genes


S Locus: 

n/n = Dog carries two solid genes

n/S = Dog carries one solid gene and one parti gene

S/S = Dog carries two parti genes


M Locus: 

M/M = Double merle

M/m = Dog carries one merle gene and one non merle gene

m/m = Dog carries no merle gene


Em Locus:

EM/EM = Dog carries two copies of melanistic mask

EM/N = Dog carries one copy of melanistic mask

N/N = Dog doesn't carry melanistic mask


IC Locus:

F/F = Dog carries two furnishing genes

F/f = Dog carries one furnishing gene and one improper coat gene

f/f = Dog carries two improper coat genes


Cu Locus:

C/C = Dog carries two curl genes

C/c = Dog carries one curl gene and one non curl gene

c/c = Dog carries no curl genes


SD Locus:

Not Available




Now that we understand what each lab is trying to say in relation to each other. Here is what to do with these results when trying to figure out how these genes all work together.

Vetnostics Laboratories

For DDC reports you need to ignore all the things written inbetween the 


B Locus:

Ignore all the information written inbetween the BB, Bb and bb for this locus. ex. BB S41C+/-, Q331X -/-, 345delP -/-, just focus on whether it say BB, Bb or bb.

BB = Black based dog that carries two black genes

Bb = Black based dog that carries one chocolate gene

bb = Chocolate based dog that carries two chocolate genes


E Locus: 

EE = Non apricot dog that doesn't carry an apricot gene

Ee = Non apricot dog that carries one apricot gene

ee = Apricot based dog with two apricot genes


K Locus:

KbKb = Dog carries two blockers

KbKy = Dog carries one blocker and one non blocker

KyKy = Dog carries two non blockers


A Locus: 

A locus you need to ignore all the negative signs. Just find the lines that have a + sign. They also don't test for Aw in the traditional way Paw Print Genetics does, so we will just focus on Ay, At and a. 

ayay +/+, axax -/-, awaw -/- = Dog carries two sable genes

ayaw +/-, axax -/-, awat +/- = Dog carries one sable gene and one phantom gene

ayaw +/-, aax +/-, awaw -/- = Dog carries one sable gene and one recessive black gene

awaw -/-. axax -/-. atat +/+ = Dog carries two phantom genes

awaw -/-. aax +/-. awat +/- = Dog carries one phantom gene and one recessive black gene

awaw -/-, aa +/+. awaw -/- = Dog carries two recessive black genes


D Locus:

DD = Dog carries two copies of  non dilute gene. 

Dd = Dog carries one non-dilute gene and one dilute gene

dd = Dog carries two dilute genes


S Locus: 

SS = Dog carries two solid genes

SN = Dog carries one solid gene and one parti gene

NN = Dog carries two parti genes


M Locus: 

Not Available


Em Locus:

EmEm = Dog carries two copies of melanistic mask

EmEx = Dog carries one copy of melanistic mask

ExEx = Dog doesn't carry melanistic mask


IC Locus:

RSPO2 +/+ = Dog carries two furnishing genes

RSPO2 +/- = Dog carries one furnishing gene and one improper coat gene

RSPO2 -/- = Dog carries two improper coat genes


Cu Locus:

R151W +/+ = Dog carries two curl genes

R151W +/- = Dog carries one curl gene and one non curl gene

R151W -/- = Dog carries no curl genes


SD Locus:

Not Available




B Locus:

B/B = Black based dog that carries two black genes

B/b = Black based dog that carries one chocolate gene

b/b = Chocolate based dog that carries two chocolate genes


E Locus: 

E/E = Non apricot dog that doesn't carry an apricot gene

E/e = Non apricot dog that carries one apricot gene

e/e = Apricot based dog with two apricot genes


K Locus:

Kb/Kb = Dog carries two blockers

Kb/Ky = Dog carries one blocker and one non blocker

Ky/Ky = Dog carries two non blockers


A Locus: 

Ay/Ay = Dog carries two sable genes

Ay/Aw = Dog carries one sable gene and one wolf sable gene

Ay/At = Dog carries one sable gene and one phantom gene

Aw/Aw = Dogs carries two wolf sable genes

Aw/At = Dogs carries one wolf sable gene and one phantom gene

Aw/a = Dog carries one wolf sable and one recessive black gene

At/At = Dogs carries two phantom genes

At/a = Dog carries one phantom gene and one recessive black gene

a/a = Dogs carries two recessive black genes


D Locus:

D/D = Dog carries two copies of  non dilute gene. 

D/d = Dog carries one non-dilute gene and one dilute gene

d/d = Dog carries two dilute genes


S Locus: 

S/S = Dog carries two solid genes

S/sp = Dog carries one solid gene and one parti gene

sp/sp = Dog carries two parti genes


M Locus: 

M/M = Double merle

M/m = Dog carries one merle gene and one non merle gene

m/m = Dog carries no merle gene


Em Locus:

Em/Em = Dog carries two copies of melanistic mask

Em/N = Dog carries one copy of melanistic mask

N/N = Dog doesn't carry melanistic mask


IC Locus:

F/F = Dog carries two furnishing genes

F/IC = Dog carries one furnishing gene and one improper coat gene

IC/IC = Dog carries two improper coat genes


Cu Locus:

Cuc/Cuc = Dog carries two curl genes

Cuc/Cu = Dog carries one curl gene and one non curl gene

Cu/Cu = Dog carries no curl genes


SD Locus:

SD/SD = Dog carries two high shed genes 

SD/sd = Dog carries one high shed genes and one low shed gene

sd/sd = Dog carries two low shed genes




Paw Print Genetics

DDC Genetics

Animal Genetics

With vetnostics reports you will need to look at the individual certificates also sent. At the bottom of each one it will give you the result. For example in the main report (first picture) it states 'not carrying aY. Tan points/tricolor.' but it isn't until you read the report on A locus that it states 'at/at' which is a more accurate depiction. 


B Locus:

B/B = Black based dog that carries two black genes

B/b = Black based dog that carries one chocolate gene

b/b = Chocolate based dog that carries two chocolate genes


E Locus: 

E/E = Non apricot dog that doesn't carry an apricot gene

E/e = Non apricot dog that carries one apricot gene

e/e = Apricot based dog with two apricot genes


K Locus:

Kb/Kb = Dog carries two blockers

Kb/Ky = Dog carries one blocker and one non blocker

Ky/Ky = Dog carries two non blockers


A Locus: 

Ay/Ay = Dog carries two sable genes

Ay/Aw = Dog carries one sable gene and one wolf sable gene

Ay/At = Dog carries one sable gene and one phantom gene

Aw/Aw = Dogs carries two wolf sable genes

Aw/At = Dogs carries one wolf sable gene and one phantom gene

Aw/a = Dog carries one wolf sable and one recessive black gene

At/At = Dogs carries two phantom genes

At/a = Dog carries one phantom gene and one recessive black gene

a/a = Dogs carries two recessive black genes


D Locus:

D/D = Dog carries two copies of  non dilute gene. 

D/d = Dog carries one non-dilute gene and one dilute gene

d/d = Dog carries two dilute genes


S Locus: 

S/S = Dog carries two solid genes

S/N = Dog carries one solid gene and one parti gene

N/N = Dog carries two parti genes


M Locus: 

Not Available 


Em Locus:

Not Available 


IC Locus:

Will be written out in certificate as:

___ has two copies of the gene responsible for a furnished coat = F/F

___ has one copy of the gene responsible for a furnished coat = F/IC

___ has no copies of the gene responsible for a furnished coat = IC/IC


Cu Locus:

Will be written out in certificate as:
___ has two copies of the gene responsible for a curly coat = Cuc/Cuc
___ has one copy of the gene responsible for a curly coat = Cuc/Cu
___ has no copies of the gene responsible for a curly coat = Cu/Cu


SD Locus:

Not Available




Embark

B Locus:

BB = Black based dog that carries two black genes

Bb = Black based dog that carries one chocolate gene

bb = Chocolate based dog that carries two chocolate genes


E Locus: 

EE = Non apricot dog that doesn't carry an apricot gene

Ee = Non apricot dog that carries one apricot gene

ee = Apricot based dog with two apricot genes


K Locus:

KbKb = Dog carries two blockers

KbKy = Dog carries one blocker and one non blocker

KyKy = Dog carries two non blockers


A Locus: 

AyAy = Dog carries two sable genes

AyAw = Dog carries one sable gene and one wolf sable gene

AyAt = Dog carries one sable gene and one phantom gene

AwAw = Dogs carries two wolf sable genes

AwAt = Dogs carries one wolf sable gene and one phantom gene

Awa = Dog carries one wolf sable and one recessive black gene

AtAt = Dogs carries two phantom genes

Ata = Dog carries one phantom gene and one recessive black gene

aa = Dogs carries two recessive black genes


D Locus:

DD = Dog carries two copies of  non dilute gene. 

Dd = Dog carries one non-dilute gene and one dilute gene

dd = Dog carries two dilute genes


S Locus: 

Not Available 


M Locus: 

Not Available


Em Locus:

EM/EM = Dog carries two copies of melanistic mask
EM/N = Dog carries one copy of melanistic mask
N/N = Dog doesn't carry melanistic mask


IC Locus:

FF = Dog carries two furnishing genes

FI = Dog carries one furnishing gene and one improper coat gene

II = Dog carries two improper coat genes


Cu Locus:

CC = Dog carries two curl genes

CT = Dog carries one curl gene and one non curl gene

TT = Dog carries no curl genes


SD Locus:

CC = Dog carries two high shed genes 

CT = Dog carries one high shed genes and one low shed gene

TT = Dog carries two low shed genes